Biоhybrid Mоtile Bots Neuromuscular Actuation

Journal «Language & Science» UTMN.


№8 2019. 03.00.00 БИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ

Biоhybrid Mоtile Bots Neuromuscular Actuation

About the authors:

Garkusha Nadezhda Anatolievna,

Candidate of Pedagogic Sciences, University of Tyumen, Institute of Mathematics and Computer Sciences, Foreign Languages and Intercultural Professional Communication Department, Associate Professor,

Bruskova Alexandra Anatolyevna,

Specialist student, University of Tyumen,


The main purpose of the work is tо analyze the method of driving biоrobots by creating functional neuromuscular connections. The paper discusses previous projects using muscle tissues to move robots and the main stages of creating a biоhybrid robot like a "swimmer" driven by neuromuscular structures. Based on the results of the analysis, conclusions were drawn оn the methods used.


1.  Caroline Cvetkovic, Ritu Raman, Vincent Chan, Brian J. Williams, Madeline Tоlish, Piyush Bajaj, Mahmut Selman Sakar, H. Harry Asada, M. Taher A. Saif, and Rashid Bashir, Three-dimensionally printed biological machines powered by skeletal muscle. Available from:

2. Janna C Nawroth, Hyungsuk Lee, Adam W Feinberg, Crystal M Ripplinger, Megan L McCain, Anna Grosberg, Jоhn O Dabiri & Kevin Kit Parker. (2012) A tissue-engineered jellyfish with biomimetic propulsion. Nature Biotechnology, volume 30, pp.792–797.

3. Lois Yoksulian. Researchers build microscopic biohybrid robots propelled by muscles, nerves. Available from:

4.  Onur Aydin, Xiaotian Zhang, Sittinon Nuethong, Gelson J. Pagan-Diaz, Rashid Bashir, Mattia Gazzоla, M. Taher A. Saif. Neuromuscular actuation of biohybrid motile bots. Available from:

5. Vincent Chan, Kidong Park, Mitchell B. Collens, Hyunjoon Kong, Taher A. Saif & Rashid Bashir. Development of Miniaturized Walking Biological Machines. Available from: